♦ prime

♦ prime
♦ prime /praɪm/
A a.
1 primo; primario; principale; fondamentale: the prime cause, la causa prima; (polit.) prime minister, primo ministro; (mat.) prime number, numero primo; a matter of prime importance, una faccenda di primaria importanza; prime motive, motivo fondamentale
2 (comm.) di prima qualità; eccellente; ottimo: prime beef, carne di manzo di prima scelta
3 (fam.) grande; eccellente; ottimo: to be in prime form, essere in gran forma
B n.
1 colmo; fiore; pieno rigoglio: in the prime of life (o in one's prime) nel fiore degli anni, nel pieno rigoglio delle forze; in the prime of manhood, nel pieno rigoglio della virilità; He's past his prime, non è più nel fiore degli anni
2 (il) meglio, (la) parte migliore (di qc.); apice: the prime of one's career, l'apice della propria carriera
3 principio; (spec.) inizio di primavera
4 (relig.) prima; prima ora canonica; ufficio della prima ora canonica
5 (mat.) numero primo
6 minuto primo; segno di minuto primo o di «pollice» (per es.: 25′)
7 [u] (scherma) prima (posizione)
8 (mus.) tono fondamentale
● (filos.) prime agent, primo agente □ (banca) prime borrower, mutuatario di prim'ordine □ (org. az.) prime contractor, capocommessa □ (econ.) prime cost, costo primo □ prime entry, (rag.) prima nota; (dog.) bolletta d'entrata □ (geogr.) prime meridian, meridiano zero □ prime mover, (filos., teol.) primo motore; (econ.) fonte prima d'energia; (tecn., mecc.) motore primo; (fig.) motore (fig.), causa, movente □ (fin., banca) prime rate, prime rate (tasso d'interesse minimo per clienti di primaria importanza) □ (radio, TV) prime time, fascia oraria di massimo ascolto; prima serata □ (mus.) prime tone, tono fondamentale.
(to) prime /praɪm/
v. t.
1 (un tempo) caricare (un fucile, un cannone) con la polvere da sparo
2 innescare (un'arma da fuoco, una mina)
3 adescare (una pompa)
4 (fig. fam.) imbottire, rimpinzare (q. di cibo); saturare
5 istruire; preparare, imbeccare (fam.): The witness had been primed by the counsel for the defence, il testimone era stato imbeccato dall'avvocato difensore
6 (pitt.) mesticare, applicare l'imprimitura a, dare una prima mano a (una tavola, una tela)
7 (mecc.) iniettare benzina in (un cilindro, un carburatore) per avviare il motore; dare un cicchetto a (pop.)
to prime the pump, adescare la pompa; (fig., fin.: dello Stato, dell'intervento pubblico) rimettere in moto l'economia □ (slang USA) primed to the ears, imbottito d'alcol; sbronzo.

English-Italian dictionary. 2013.

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